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本頁翻譯進度

燈號說明

審定:無
翻譯:高妍(簡介並寄信)
編輯:侯嘉玨(簡介並寄信)

書面作業
Writing Assignments

儘管這是一項攝影課程,但它乃是由某寫作計畫所提出,因此課程將會非常重視寫作。學生需要針對他們的閱讀材料與課堂討論加以回應,寫出四篇七百五十至一千字的論文。
While this is a photography course, it is a photography course offered by the Program In Writing, and therefore there will be heavy emphasis on writing. Students will be required to write four, 750-1000 word essays, responding to their reading and class discussion:

「照片會說實話嗎?」
"Do Photographs Tell The Truth?"

《論攝影》的論點出發,支持或者反對下列觀點:一張僅僅捕捉下時間流逝中一瞬間的相片,永遠不能對單一事件或情況,做出準確且真實的反映。
Using On Photography as a taking off point, support or refuse the argument that a photograph, which captures only a single instant in time, can never present an accurate, honest, representation of an event or situation.

「客觀性—神話,真實,或者最終目標」
"Objectivity - Myth, Reality, or Ultimate Goal"

思考寇爾斯的客觀角度,以及紀錄片攝製者持有的偏見,解釋紀實攝影者能否—或者是否「應該」保持客觀性、針對何種部份採取客觀角度,或者客觀性的缺失等等,在攝影者工作中扮演著極高的價值
Consider Cole's view of objectivity and the biases of the documentarian, and explain whether a documentary photographer can - or should - be objective, and what part objectivity, or lack of it, plays in the value of the photographers work

「理查斯和薩爾加多—兩種紀錄的見解」
"Richards and Salgado - Two Documentary Visions"

儘管Gene Richards被認為是同時期美國紀實攝影家中傑出的一位,即使不是最傑出的話,從技術層面來說,他卻幾乎稱不上一位攝影「藝術家」,因為他追求的是影像的原始衝擊力,而不是技術上的完美或者美觀。就另一方面來說,薩爾加多是另外一種風格,他創作豐富的、華麗的、在技術上堪稱完美的攝影影像,然而這些作品卻來自是無法想像的痛苦經驗。這些方法中你偏好哪一種,為什麼?這二者減損了作品的價值,還是明確地增加了該作品的魅力呢?
While Gene Richards is considered one of the great, if not the greatest, American documentary photographers of his generation, he is hardly a photographic "artist" in the technical sense, depending as he does on the raw impact of his images, rather than their technical perfection or beauty. Sebastiao Salgado, on the other hand, produces rich, gorgeous, technically perfect photographic images of unimaginable suffering. Which of these approaches do you prefer, and why? Does either approach detract from the photographers work, or specifically add to it?

「狩獵者—攝影記者何時變成一個窺視狂,而不是一個帶著照相機的記者?」
"Shooters - When Is The Photojournalist A Voyeur, Rather Than A Reporter With A Camera"

看一看《安魂曲》中的事例,思考當一名攝影記者在報導真實的新聞時(而不是偷窺名人隱私類的事情)可以毫無底線的報導嗎?存在一些不應該被拍照的事物嗎?在絕大部分公開的場合中存在需要保護隱私的領域嗎?在什麼地方攝影師不再是一個攝影師,而是成為一個「人」?
Using examples from Requiem, consider whether a photojournalist, covering genuine news - as opposed to celebrity stalking - can go too far? Are there some things that should not be photographed? Are there areas of privacy in the most public of arenas? Where does the photographer cease being a photographer, and start being a human being?


太空飛船
Space Ship

這個攝影專題最初的構想是Charles Harbutt為了他工作坊的使用而設計出來的。我對它進行了一些修訂。
This photo project was originally conceived by Charles Harbutt for use in his workshops. I have made some modifications in it.

這個作業主要是用來測試你的想像力,以及你自己如同捕抓影像般,攫取想法的能力。
This assignment is intended to test your imagination, and your ability to capture your ideas as images.

假設你即將乘坐太空飛船離開地球,永遠不回來了。在飛船上將不會有任何形式的娛樂或者裝飾品。你將沒有任何鏡子、電影、藝術品等等。你將以加工食品為生,並且飲用過濾後的尿液。然而,你可以隨身攜帶十張照片。
Assume for a moment that you are going to be leaving earth on a spaceship, never to return. There will not be any form of entertainment or decoration on the ship. You will not have any mirrors, films, works of art, etc. You will be eating processed food and drinking filtered urine. You may, however, bring 10 photographs with you.

在二十四小時的時間堙A不允許詢問任何一位同學,製作出十張可以使你在航行中賴以生存的照片。我們並不要求你創作出偉大的藝術品,我們希望看見一些對於個人來說有意義的圖像。你想帶上愛犬的照片嗎?你媽媽的照片?還是你公寓外面的下水井蓋?一切由你選擇。
In a 24 hours period, without consulting any of your classmates, make 10 photographic images that will sustain you on your voyage. We are not looking for great art; we are looking for personally meaningful images. Do you want pictures of your dog? Your mother? Or the manhole cover outside your apartment? It's up to you.


紀實攝影專題
Documentary Photo Project

你們每個人都需要設計並且完成一項紀實攝影專題。你可以自己選擇主題—但須經過我同意,且我強烈建議你別去選那些太過宏大的題材。我會建議你開始尋找一個與家庭比較接近的主題,比如:
Each of you will be required to plan and carryout a documentary photo project. You may select your own subject - subject to my approval, but I would urge that you not take on anything too grandiose. I would suggest that you begin looking for a subject close to home, considering, for instance:

  • 你的宿舍生活
    Life on your dorm floor
  • 在兄弟會度過的一個週末,或者兄弟會中的生活
    A fraternity weekend, or life in a fraternity
  • 當地一家洗衣店的一天/一周/一禮拜
    A day-week-month in a local laundromat
  • 一位科學家或者一個實驗室中的工作
    The work of a scientist, or lab
  • 一個校園團體或者組織的活動
    The activities of a campus group or organization

另一方面,你可以盡可能大膽地探索一些新鮮的主題—如果你有條件接近一個群體或一個組織,而我們在正常情況下從沒瞭解過他們的生活或者作用。但是記住,一定要理解蘇珊•梅瑟勒斯句話的含義:
On the other hand, you may push the envelop as far as you dare - If you can gain access to a group of people, or an organization, whose lives or functioning we normally never see, go for it. But remember, to paraphrase Susan Meiselas:
並不一定非要向遠方獲取靈感。
"Faraway is not a place."

更重要的是,無論你選擇的主題是你的室友或者一些存在成長障礙的成人,你必須對他們盡到下面這個義務。
And even more important, remember that there is one thing that you owe your subjects, be they your roommates or a group of developmentally disabled adults -

誠實:進行拍攝時要誠實;向你的拍攝對象介紹你的專案和目的的時候要誠實;如實地對待你的拍攝對象;誠實地呈現給你的觀眾。
Honesty:
Honesty in your vision; honesty in what you tell your subjects about your project and its purpose; honesty in your approach to your subject; and honesty in what you present to your viewers.

你最終完成的專案應包含十五至三十張相片,以及一千五到兩千字的解釋文字。你的文字與攝影必須能共同表現出一幅有關你的主題的中,容易理解且具有吸引力的「圖像」。不過你寫作的部分與相片應該各自表現出不同的重點。
Your finished project will consist of 15-30 photographs, and 1500-2000 words of explanatory text. The text and photographs should, together, present the uninitiated with an understandable, engaging, 'picture' of your subject, but the writing and the photos should each stand on their own.

請參閱專題部分中的學生專題範例。
See the project section to view sample student projects.


 
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