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燈號說明

審定:無
翻譯:張仙(簡介並寄信)
編輯:張欣茹(簡介並寄信)


課程描述

課程有兩個並列的目標:

  1. 1.提高學生撰寫科技論文的技能,包括學會科技組織普遍使用的一些寫作形式。

  2. 2.批判性地審視科技輔助交流的本質,聚焦于科學家和工程師之間的專業溝通。我們將經常對運用通訊科技的書面形式(或其他方式)中的通訊科技進行批判研究,以便把兩個目標融合在一起。

為了實現課程的這兩個並列目標,我們同時學習兩類主要的課程材料。我們將透過閱讀你在不同媒體所寫的文章來研究學生的作品,並且以小組為單位評論它。我們也將透過閱讀有關哲學和文化理論方面的書籍和文章,來審視通訊科技的本質。閱讀的範圍包括從具體的、經驗的到抽象的、哲學的課文。當然,你得準備應付抽象概念上的這兩個極端。

整個課程不具有統一的主題和專案,每一周都轉到一個新的主題,透過這樣的方式來構建批判性探究的方法。我們將研究簡歷的結構以及與找工作相關的其他資料。我們將審視微軟 PowerPoint所做的報告的可能性和缺陷。我們將考慮不斷增長的手提電話使用的影響,以及WiFi網路的社會重要性。我們將進行網站設計的實踐以及討論建設好網站的預設規則。在最後審查之前,電腦遊戲、網誌、電子安全都將討論過。貫穿這麼多的主題,寫作作業經常要求發掘革新通訊科技的創新思想或者批判性地審視現存的科技。

活動

這堭N有兩篇主要的寫作作業,另外還有很多較短的作業。請看課程作業列表和說明(PDF)。對於這些書面文件的討論將佔據我們課堂的大量時間。在課堂上,我們也將花一些時間寫作,並以小組為單位進行編輯。除了傳統書面論文外,作業也將採用不同的形式,包括備忘錄,提案以及網站。有些作業將以兩人或小組為單位完成上交,根據班上學生人數而定。

作業

本課程有許多不同類型的作業,透過課堂、電子郵件或書面的方式呈交。

C:「不定期」作業。在這一學期中,大約有五次這樣的作業。這些作業都是短篇寫作,一般不超過一到兩段。大多數情況下,這類作業要求對當天課堂上所讀的文章作一個簡短的分析。這些作業有的要求寫得很完整,有的僅僅要求以要點的形式寫出概要。

A:正式的寫作作業。在學期內,本課程要求呈交兩篇論文。這兩篇論文是本課程的主要作業,而且是你期末成績的主要組成部分。一般情況下,在批閱時,草稿不進行獨立的評分,但鬆散的未完成的草稿將對終稿有負面影響。你將發現,最簡單有效完成優秀的終稿的方式是準備一個完善的、細緻的草稿。這一政策的主要目的是透過給你撰寫草稿的自由以便確保你能創造出創造性的和冒險性的想法,而不用擔心會影響成績。但必須保證透過按照要求完成草稿而使你的終稿做得更好。由於課堂的一些時間將用於小組評論草稿,因此,當交作業的時間到了,你要把完成的草稿帶到課堂上,否則,將認為你沒有上繳作業。最後,我會不時地在課堂上分享部分或整份草稿。如果你不願意在課堂上讓其他人看到你的作業,請你讓我知道,我將尊重你的個人隱私。

評分

要注意的是,寫作作業的草稿在一定程度上是作業成績的一部分。個人作業在期末成績中的比重將根據下面的30分來計算。


活動 分數
A1 5
A2 5
C(所有人) 8
W1 4
口頭報告 3
參與 5
總分 30


課程詳細情況

你在課堂上的角色

本課程要求你的出勤和按時完成作業。你應該為每一節課作好準備(閱讀和思考指定的閱讀材料,把指定的作業完成),以及積極並經常參與課堂上的討論和研討會。

作為學生的責任

由於這個課程每星期才上一次課,而且每次只有三個小時,因此,學生應該積極參與在課堂上的活動。除此之外,作為一門關於寫作課程的課堂,廣泛練習是能讓學生能力得到真正提高的唯一方法。由於這樣,學生將為課程花費大量時間作準備,有些周堨]括超過一次的閱讀和寫作作業。

出勤情況

我不區分有原因的或者是無原因的缺席。考慮到本課程「實踐性」的本質,缺席就意味著缺掉了本課程提供的學習。整個學期,我們僅有12節課,所以保持全勤對於有效體驗這一門課程是很關鍵的。

  • 整個學期有一次「免於責罰」的缺席。這次缺席你應該留給生病、宗教原因、求職面試以及類似的情況。這次缺席「不追究原因」,所以你不需要陳述你缺席的理由。注意:在本課程的最後兩周(最後的兩節課),這一「不問緣由」的政策是不適用的;最後兩周的缺席要作為「免於責罰」,需要是生病的原因以及有醫生的證明。

  • 第二次的缺席將不再是免於責罰的:這次缺席將降低你整個課程的期末成績一個等級(比如,成績A將成為B),第三次缺席將降低兩個等級(原來為A的將變成C)。

  • 第四次缺席將意味著整個課程的成績自動降為不及格;你應該立即退出這門課,以免在你的成績單上顯示。「自動降為不及格」意味著不管你的平均分數是多少或者缺席是因為什麼原因,因為你將不可能完成課程的要求--這方面沒有例外。

  • 你必須準時上課。課程在晚上7:05開始,在晚上10點前結束。如果有其他課程或者實驗使你必須到得晚或者離開得比較早,請你在這學期別選這門課程。超過10分鐘的遲到或早退將被記作缺席。

  • 如果你在有課堂任務的那天缺席(比如,你那天要作報告或者在辯論中發言),你的作業將記為0分。這是很不幸的,但你的同學的繁忙課程表不允許你過多地拖延時間。

Manuscript Formats

所有的主要寫作作業要求按照下面的格式以列印文稿的形式上交。主要的寫作作業也要求同時以電子郵件附件的形式發送(或者之後立即發送)。次要的作業,當被發送時,有些也要求列印文稿,有些要求以電子郵件寄送,有些兩者都要。

文章手稿需要以兩倍行高列印。草稿可以用雙面列印的方式上交,但期末版本需要單面列印。在第一頁右上角,於單行間距寫下你的名字、課程名稱、我的姓名和文章號(或者草稿,如"A2D")。在第一頁的另一行堙A把你的文章標題居中,然後在你的標題下面,以兩倍行高的方式,開始你的第一段。請不要在你的標題下面加畫底線或者用引號標出(除了特殊情況,比如標題是引用的)。從第2頁開始,標注你的頁碼。字體大小要用12號,而且所有的文章都空出大約一英寸頁邊距。

電子文稿應為列印文稿的副本。請以附件形式發送電子文稿,並把作業編號寫上(「草稿2」或者「修訂本2」),而且你的姓名需要寫在標題行。(這個最後的操作看起來是不需要,因為你的名字也將出現在電子郵件的「來自」那個地方,但是它十分有助於我做記錄)。

所有的文稿和修訂本必須已對拼寫、文法和標點符號錯誤徹底檢查處理過。如果你一直犯這類錯誤,你的成績將降低。

每一次作業,你都需要保留一份副本,電子或者是其他形式的。強烈建議你經常地儲存你的檔案、定期備份、而且定期列印你的作業。電腦出錯是不可避免的,不要為粗糙、未完成或遲交的作業找藉口。

研討會

研討會有利於你們互相幫助來提高稿件的品質。研討會顯示了寫作是社會性的,是正在進行的社會對話的一部分,而且要根據特定讀者的反應來進行改變。作為對某人論文的反饋者,不要浪費時間去修改文法、拼寫或者格式;相反的,應該集中在思想上,指出哪個地方需要改進或者需要更多的論證。作為作者,可以問一些關於你的文章具體內容和組織的問題。當研討會即將開始時,教授將提供一些關於研討會職責的額外的細節。

遲交的作業

如果不是按時進行,口頭報告和演講將得到0分。那些遲交的書面作業,每遲交一天將使你的期末的課程成績降低1/3(比如,本來是B-將變成C+)。延遲提交的作業將不會得到書面評價。然而,你還是要繳交所有的書面作業,即使延遲也要交;不交作業將有更嚴重的後果。需要課堂外提交的作業應在特定時間交到我的辦公室。如果當時我不在,請把你的作業留在我辦公室門上面的信箱堙C

剽竊

剽竊(例如,複製和貼上網站上的段落、買他人的論文、把他人的論文作為自己的上交)將導致學術的災難。因此,理解這一原則是非常關鍵的。

  • 正如科學家要求完整、準確的實驗資訊,以便他們能重做和檢查這些實驗,或正如數學教授要求完整、準確的工作去展示如何得到的答案,因此,學者和讀者將會要求完整的資訊以便他們能在更深的層次上弄清楚你的資料來源所說的問題(坦白地說,這樣他們能檢查你報告的資料來源所說的準確性)。既然是學術論文寫作,那麼,對於每次使用他人的成果,你都必須列明出處。
    • 引用某人的思想
    • 引用某人的話語
    • 引用某人的措辭
    • 引用某人的論據結構
    • 引用某人的與眾不同的資訊

  • 底線是在需要的地方讚揚作者。如有疑問,請列明出處。

  • 除此之外,對於引用其他作者、思想家的思想、結構、措辭以及他們的資訊,你也應該透過讚揚他們表示出相應的尊重。在西方文化中,應用他人的成果而不給予讚揚和不誠實的行為一樣是一種侮辱。

  • 換句話說,在歸功於原作者之前,不要使用他的話語、思想或者格式(此禁令也包括網路上的內容)。
    • 記住,儘管網路上的資料是隨手可得的,但不是你創造的。其他人曾思考過、研究過、寫過、所以,你必須給予讚揚。

  • 在你的學術寫作中,對於如何使用資源,有下面四個方面的指導原則:
    • 除非教授明確要求進行解釋或者你是為外行翻譯一個複雜的科技資源,否則不需要解釋或者用你的話語概括或者引用資源。

    • 當你引用時,請用引號準確標識以及注明引用的來源。

    • 當你引用的資訊可能不是常識性知識時,請注明引用的來源。

    • 有疑問時,請保持引用出處。

  • 總之,你的論文應該是你自己的成果(儘管我們鼓勵你從寫作中心以及研討會中尋求寫作建議)。你的論文應該是你專門針對本課程創造性的新工作。不要把其他課程(包括這一學期或者是前幾學期)的作業交上來,也不要修改或者編輯你以前其他課程的作業,這樣將導致不可更改的0分。

  • 如果我作了要求,你們必須上交一個你寫論文時所用到的所有資源的書面副本,包括你的筆記以及最初的草稿。如果你不能按照要求拿出資料,論文將被認定為0分而且不允許用另一份論文來替代。同樣,你也有責任保證其他人不抄襲你的作業或把其當作自己的上交。

Description

This course has two parallel aims:

  1. To improve student writing about technical subject matters, including forms of writing commonly employed in technical organizations, and

  2. Critically to examine the nature of technologically-assisted communication, focusing somewhat on professional communication among scientists and engineers. We will often combine these two goals, by practicing critical investigation of communications technologies in written formats (and other media) that employ communications technologies.

Following the parallel aims of the course, there are primarily two types of course materials that we will study together. We will work on student writing by reading your writing in various media, and critiquing it as a group. We will also examine the nature of communications technologies by reading books and articles of philosophy and cultural theory. The readings will thus range from very concrete, empirical accounts to very abstract, philosophical texts, and you should certainly be prepared to deal with both extremes on the scale of abstraction.

Rather than an overarching theme or a unifying project for the whole semester, our curriculum will jump each week to a new topic, building methods of critical inquiry along the way. We will study the construction of CVs and other materials relating to job acquisition. We will examine the possibilities and pitfalls of Microsoft® PowerPoint® presentations. We will consider the implications of the growing use of cell phones, and the social dimensions of WiFi networks. We will practice Web design and discuss the supposed rules for constructing good Web sites. Computer gaming, blogging, and electronic security will all pass before our critical gaze. Cutting across these many issues, writing assignments will often require the invention of new ideas for innovation in communication technology or critical examination of existing technologies.

Activities

There will be two major writing assignments, as well as numerous shorter assignments. See this listing and explanation of course assignments (PDF). Discussion of these written documents will constitute much of our class time. We will also spend some time writing in class, and editing as a group. In addition to traditional written papers, assignments will take different forms, including memos, proposals, and Web sites. Some assignments will be submitted in pairs or larger groups, depending on the number of students in the class.

Assignments

There are a number of different kinds of assignments in this class, presented throughout the semester in class, by email, and on paper.

C: a "casual" assignment. There are about five of these during the semester. They are short writing assignments, generally no more than one or two paragraphs. Most often, the assignment will ask for a brief analysis of the reading for class that day. They sometimes call for well-edited prose, but sometimes demand only sketches of ideas in note form.

A: a formal, written assignment. This course assigns two essays during the semester. These essays are the bulk of the written work in the course, and constitute a substantial portion of your final grade. In general, drafts are not given an independent grade, but a lazy or incomplete draft will result in a penalty on the revision. You will find that the easiest and most effective way of generating an excellent revision is by preparing a complete and careful draft. The aim of this policy is to ensure that you discover your most creative and risky ideas by giving you the freedom to write a draft without the threat of a bad grade, but to ensure that your revisions are better by making the draft a requirement. As some of our class time will be devoted to group critique of drafts, you must bring your finished draft to class when it is due or be marked absent for the day. Finally, I frequently share part or all of a draft with the class. If you submit anything in this class that you do not wish for others to see, please let me know and I will respect your privacy.

Grading

Bear in mind that drafts of writing assignments figure to some extent as part of the grade for that assignment. Individual assignments are weighted in the final grade according to the following thirty-point scale.


ACTIVITIES POINTS
A1 5
A2 5
C (All of Them) 8
W1 4
Oral Presentation 3
Participation 5
Total 30


Course Details

Your Role in this Class

This course requires your attendance and on-time production. You are expected to be prepared for each class (having read and thought about the assigned reading, having assignments completed) and to participate meaningfully and often in class discussions and workshops.

Responsibility as Student

Because this class meets only once each week, and because meetings are three hours long, students will be expected to make significant contributions to class time activities. Furthermore, as a class partly about writing, extensive practice is the only means of assuring genuine improvement. As such, students will likely spend a significant amount of time preparing for class, including in some weeks more than one reading and writing assignment.

Attendance

I do not distinguish between excused and unexcused absences. Given the "hands-on" nature of the subject matter, to miss class is necessarily to miss out on the learning that this class provides. We also have only twelve meetings throughout the semester, so consistent attendance is crucial for a valid experience of this class.

  • There is one penalty-free absence that you should save for illness, religious reasons, job interviews, and the like. This absence is "no questions asked," so that you need present no excuse for missing class. Note: In the last two weeks of class (the final two meetings), the "no questions asked" policy is suspended; missed classes during these last two weeks require a medical excuse and a doctor's note in order to count as penalty-free.

  • The second absence is no longer penalty free: it lowers your final course grade by a whole grade (e.g., an A becomes a B), the third absence lowers it another whole grade (the original A becomes a C).

  • The fourth absence means automatic failure for the course; you should drop the course immediately to avoid its showing up on your transcript. This automatic failure occurs regardless of your average or the reason for the absences because you will not have fulfilled the course requirements - no exceptions.

  • You must be on time for class. Class starts at 7:05 p.m. and ends no later than 10 p.m. If other classes or labs will necessitate your arriving late or leaving early, do not take this class this semester. Being more than 10 minutes late or having to leave class early will count as an absence.

  • If you are absent on a day when you were responsible for part of class time (for example, you were giving a presentation or participating in a debate), you will likely receive a 0 for that assignment. This is unfortunate, but the busy schedules of your classmates do not allow for much post hoc shuffling.

Manuscript Formats

All major writing assignments are submitted as hardcopies, following the formatting requirements outlined below. Major writing assignments are also to be submitted by e-mail, as an attachment, due at the same time as the hardcopy (or just after). Minor assignments, when they are submitted, will be submitted sometimes as hardcopy, sometimes electronically, and sometimes both.

Essay manuscripts should be typewritten and double-spaced. Drafts can be submitted on two sides of the page, but the final revision must be submitted single-sided. Single-space your name, the course title, my name, and the number of the essay (or draft, e.g., "A2D") in the upper right-hand corner of the first page. Center your title about a third of the way down your first page, and begin your opening paragraph two double spaces beneath your title. Please do not underline your title or place it in quotation marks (except in special cases, such as a title that is a quotation). Number your pages, beginning on page two. You should use a twelve-point font, and margins of about an inch all the way around.

Electronic manuscripts should be duplicates of the hardcopy. Please submit electronic manuscripts as an attachment with the assignment number ("Draft 2" or "Revision 2") and your name in the subject line. (This last stipulation may seem unnecessary, since your name will also be in the "From" field of the e-mail, but it helps immensely with clerical issues at my end.)

All drafts and revisions must be word-processed and thoroughly proofread for typographical, grammatical, and punctuation errors. If you consistently make these kinds of errors, your grade will drop.

You are required to keep a copy, electronic or otherwise, of every assignment. You are strongly encouraged to save your document frequently, back-up regularly, and print your work-in-progress periodically. Computer errors are inevitable and do not excuse shoddy, incomplete, or late work.

Workshops

Workshops allow you to help each other improve your current draft. They demonstrate the way in which writing is social, part of an ongoing community dialogue, and subject to change based on the responses of particular readers. As a responder to someone else's essay, don't waste time correcting grammar, spelling, or formatting; instead, focus on the ideas, pointing out places where ideas need to be developed more fully or need more support. As the writer, ask specific questions about your content and organization. The professor will provide additional details about workshop responsibilities when the workshop is upon us.

Late Work

Oral presentations and speeches will receive a 0 if not given on time. Written work that is late reduces your final course grade by 1/3 (e.g., a B - for the course becomes a C+) for each day that a paper is late. Work submitted late may receive no written commentary. Nevertheless, you are urged to submit all written assignments, even late ones, as non-submission has more severe consequences than does late submission. Should an assignment be due outside of class, these submissions are due at my office at the specified time. If I am not in my office at that time, please leave your submission in the "inbox" attached to the door of my office.

Plagiarism

Plagiarism (e.g., copying and pasting sections from the Web, paying for someone's paper, handing in someone else's paper as your own) results in academic disaster. So it's crucial to understand the concept.

  • Just as scientists demand complete and accurate information about experiments so they can duplicate and check those experiments and just as math professors demand complete and accurate work to show how you got the answer, so scholars and readers demand complete information so they can explore in more depth what your sources said (and, frankly, so they can check your accuracy in reporting what those sources said). In all academic writing, then, you must give citations each time you use.
    • Someone else's ideas
    • Someone else's words
    • Someone else's phrasing
    • Someone else's argument structure
    • Someone else's unusual information

  • The bottom line is to give credit wherever it is due. When in doubt, cite.

  • Further, you show appropriate respect for other writers and thinkers by giving them credit for their ideas, their structures, their phrasings, and their information. In Western culture, not giving credit is an insult as well as an act of dishonesty.

  • In other words, never take credit for someone else's words, ideas, or style (this prohibition includes material found on the Web).
    • Remember, although the material on the Web is free, you did not create it; someone else thought it, researched it, wrote it, and that someone must be given credit.

  • There are four guidelines for using sources in your academic writing:
    • Unless a professor explicitly requests a paraphrase or unless you are translating a sophisticated technical source into language for the layperson, there is rarely a good reason to paraphrase a source-either summarize it in your own words or quote it exactly.

    • When you quote, quote exactly, use quotation marks, and cite the source.

    • When you use information that might not be considered common knowledge, cite the source.

    • When in doubt, always give a citation.

  • In sum, your essays should always be your own work (although you are encouraged to seek writing advice from the Writing Center and from your workshop groups). Your essays should always be your new work created specifically for this course. Do not hand in work written for other courses-neither from this semester nor from previous semesters, and this prohibition includes modifying or adapting your own work from other courses-doing so will result in an unchangeable zero.

  • If I so request, you must hand in hard copies of all the sources that you used for writing an essay, as well as your notes and rough drafts. If you cannot produce these materials when requested, the essay will receive a zero and will not be allowed to be replaced by another essay. Also, you are responsible for ensuring that others do not copy your work or submit it as their own.